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aandepest
 Cockroach Facts 
The US is home to numerous species, but only about six species of cockroaches are normally considered to be Pests of Concern to the Pest Control Industry. The American Cockroach, German Cockroach, Oriental Cockroach, and Smoky Brown Cockroach, are the most common in most areas. The Brown banded Cockroach is common in some areas, The Pennsylvania Woods Cockroach is considered to be an occasional invader in many areas of the country.

Of these, the number one is the German Cockroach as it can be very persistent and hard to control. The German Cockroach is know to carry numerous disease causing organisms. that has the greatest potential of becoming persistent and troublesome is the German cockroach, which prefers indoor locations. American and Oriental cockroaches can be a problem in moist, humid areas, especially crawl spaces, and similar places.
German Roach

  • Are found throughout the world in association with humans
  • Are unable to survive in locations away from humans or human activity
  • The major factor limiting German Cockroach survival appears to be cold temperatures
  • Studies have shown that German roaches were unable to colonize inactive ships during cool temperatures and could not survive in homes without central heating in northern climates
  • The availability of water, food, and harborage also govern the ability of German roaches to establish populations, and limit growth
  • *Is considered an aesthetic pest
  • The action threshold for this insect depends upon the tolerance of the people living in the infested dwelling
  • *Most people associate roach infestations with poor sanitary conditions and typically go to excessive lengths to eradicate them from their houses
  • Actively growing field populations are comprised of 80 percent nymphs and 20 percent adults
  • Is omnivorous, eating table scraps, pet food, and even book bindings
  • The entire life cycle is completed in about 100 days. However, factors such as temperature, nutritional status, and strain differences may influence the time required to complete a life cycle
  • Breed continuously with many overlapping generations present at any one time.
American Cockroach

  • Our largest roach, may grow to 1-1/2 inches (35 mm)
  • It is reddish-brown or mahogany with light markings on top of the thorax (the body division that bears the wings and legs)
  • Matures in about seven months
  • Nymphs are grayish-brown, becoming reddish-brown as they mature, and wingless
  • Prefers damp areas such as basements
  • May be found around pipes, sewage systems, and drainage systems in homes, commercial buildings and greenhouses
  • Adults may live for up to 18 months
Brown Banded Cockroach

  • Adults have wings about 5/8 inch long and are light brown to dark glossy brown
  • Can be confused with the German roach by homeowners and inexperienced technicians
  • Males are capable of fligh
  • Nymphs and females are broad when viewed from above, while the male is slender
  • The male's wings cover the abdomen, whereas the female's wings are short, exposing the abdomen
  • Have a flattened, oval shape, spiny legs, and long, filamentous antennae. Immature stages are smaller, have undeveloped wings and resemble adults
  • They have two light, transverse bands across the base of the wings and abdomen. These bands may appear irregular or broken, but are usually quite apparent on the nymphs and females
  • Feed on starchy materials and even non-food materials such as nylon stockings
  • Are active at night, and nymphs and adults jump rapidly when disturbed
  • Do not require as much moisture as German roaches and tend to avoid light
Smoky Brown Cockroach

  • Is a relative of the American roach and resembles it in shape and size
  • More common in the southern USA, but can be found farther north traveling on plant material, fruit and etc
  • A little over 1 inch long, and both sexes have wings that are longer than the abdomen
  • Dark mahogany color is striking
  • Nymphs like adults are also dark brown
  • The antenna tips of young nymphs are white, and the base segments of the older nymphs antennae are white
Oriental Cockroach

  • Known as the "water bug," is more closely associated with damp areas than the other common roaches
  • Feed on garbage and decaying organic matter and are often considered the filthiest of the house-infesting roaches
  • Found in damp basements, cellars, crawl spaces, near drains, leaky water pipes and beneath refrigerators, sinks and washing machines, under floors, and inside walls
  • Forage mostly on first floors of buildings
  • Outdoors, they are found beneath decomposing leaves or stones in mulching materials, and in trash and at municipal sewer plants
  • During the autumn, there can be a mass movement into buildings, but because of their preference for cooler temperatures, can be found outdoors and in unheated buildings during the winter
  • Females (more numerous than males) carry the egg capsule 12 hours to 5 days and deposit them in a sheltered location near or within a food supply at a warm, sheltered spot 
  • Females produce 1 to 18 capsules, each containing up to 16 eggs. Eggs hatch in about 60 days and nymphs develop in about one year. Adult females live 1 to 6 months 
  • Are more common during May, June and July, and are more sluggish than the other common roaches 
  • Usually not found in cupboards, on walls or on upper levels of buildings, unless there is a source of moisture (water leak, etc.) 
  • Occur outside during warm weather. During cool periods of weather they may migrate indoors in mass 
  • Have a preference for high-moisture conditions 
  • Can live without food for a month if water is present, but die in two weeks without food and water
Pennsylvania Woods Cockroach

  • Is another roach found invading the home in the spring
  • Live outdoors
  • Is not as fast, or as wary as its house-
    dwelling relatives
  • May wander into buildings in wooded areas, or may be brought into the home underneath the bark of firewood (are common in woodpiles and similar areas).
  • Can exist in the home, by living on food in the kitchen.
  • Males of this species have long wings and may fly for short distances. They are often attracted to porch lights and lighted windows.
  • Females have short wings and are usually found around the homes primarily in wooded areas.
  • Adults average 3/4 to 1 inch long and are a drab brown. They require about one year to mature
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A&E's Do It Yourself Pest Control    |    Winder, GA    |    1-800-607-0701    |    info@aandepestcontrol.com

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