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 Bed Bug Facts 

Bed Bug Fact Sheet

  • They feed solely on the blood of animals
  • Cimex lectularius, is the species most adapted to living with humans
  • Bed bugs are mentioned in, medieval European texts and in classical Greek writings
  • Other species prefer to feed on wild hosts, especially bats and birds
  • Bed bugs are small, brownish, flattened insects
  • Adult bed bugs are about ¼ inch long
  • Oval flattened bodies
  • Sometimes mistaken for ticks or cockroaches
  • Immatures (nymphs) resemble the adults, but are smaller and lighter in color
  • Bed bugs do not fly, but can move quickly over floors, wall, ceilings and other surfaces
  • Bed bugs are persistent. Eradicating, exterminating or just killing an entire infestation requires persistence
  • Can hide in extremely small cracks & crevices making it difficult to locate breeding sites
  • Are rarely seen in daylight, they emerge from hiding spots at night
  • Can live a year or longer without food (blood) thus stay their in hiding places
  • Can travel long distances and survive in suitcases, clothing, vehicles, aircraft, cruise ships and other modes of transportation
  • Feeds by piercing skin with elongated beak
  • Saliva is injected, containing an anesthetic and anticoagulant
  • Reactions vary from no reaction to severe skin inflammation and irritation
  • Females lay their eggs in secluded areas, depositing up to 5 a day and about 500 during her lifetime
  • Eggs hatch in about 10 days depending upon the environment
  • The eggs are tiny, whitish and hard to see (individual eggs are the size of a dust spec).
  • When first laid, the eggs are sticky, and adhere to substrates
  • Newly hatched nymphs are the size of a pin head
  • Nymphs molt (shed their skins) 5 times before reaching maturity
  • Nymphs must have a blood meal between each molt
  • Under favorable conditions (70 - 90° F), these bugs can go from egg to adult in as little as a month
  • Cool temperatures or limited access to blood extends the development time
  • Bed bugs are very resilient
  • Nymphs can survive months without feeding and the adults up to 1 ½ years
  • Infestations are unlikely to diminish by leaving the premises unoccupied
  • Bed bugs are active mainly at night
  • Prefer to hide in daytime close to where we sleep
  • Their flattened bodies fit into tiny crevices
  • Bed bugs do not have nests like ants or bees
  • They do tend to congregate in habitual hiding places
  • Hiding places are usually marked by dark spotting and staining
  • Mattresses, box springs, bed frames, head boards, and other areas
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Doing Your Own Pest Control for the Home Owner

A&E's Do It Yourself Pest Control    |    Winder, GA    |    1-800-607-0701    |

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